Equity Monitor - Download - Final report of the Commission. The paper concludes by considering how WHO's work can be expanded to promote the establishment of sustainable and robust systems for monitoring inequalities in various health issues among Member States and globally. While these differences are unlikely to be high on a public health agenda, there are many health differences that are important for a society to address but are not health disparities. Many of these health disparities are caused by the decision-making processes, policies, social norms and structures that exist at all levels of society.
Research shows that social determinants may be more important than health care or lifestyle choices in influencing health. In addition, a number of WHO products related to monitoring health inequality can be accessed through the thematic page. By health and/or other sectors to act on the broader structural determinants of health to address inequitable distribution of power and resources, and to improve the conditions of everyday life. Adequately addressing SDH is fundamental to improving health and reducing long-standing health inequalities, which requires action across sectors and civil society.
Four dimensions of inequality (economic status, educational attainment, place of residence and gender) are applied, except for reproductive and maternal health interventions, where gender disaggregation is not relevant. In fact, the concepts of monitoring health inequalities should be applied to all health domains where the necessary disaggregated data are available. Health disparities or inequalities are types of unfair health differences closely related to social, economic or environmental disadvantages that adversely affect groups of people. Implementing measures to address health inequalities through the social determinants of health is challenging.
Monitoring global health inequalities can be described as comparing inequalities within countries with each other, and is a useful practice for tracking progress on international initiatives such as the SDGs. By now, the vast majority of countries have signed (if not ratified) the major human rights agreements that are highly relevant to health disparities; signing implies agreement in principle. Participating countries are encouraged to produce regular reports on the state of inequality, using a standardised approach to monitoring health inequality. But when the term "health disparity" was coined in the United States around 1990, it was not intended to refer to all possible differences in health among all possible groups of people.